Few destinations in Africa can rival Tanzania’s diversity of wildlife, cultures and landscapes. From the classic savannah destinations of the Serengeti, Tarangire and Ngorongoro Crater to the beaches and coral reefs of Zanzibar and the tropical coast, a Tanzania safari holiday delivers one massive experience after another. And that’s before you discover the off-the-beaten-track experiences such as chimpanzee trekking in the magisterial rainforests of Mahale and Gombe or game viewing in the super-remote Selous Game Reserve.Even fewer destinations however, can offer an experience to match the Serengeti Migration.
Forming the centrepiece of most Tanzania safaris, the migration is regarded as Nature at her most extravagant and involves hundreds of thousands of wildebeest, zebra and antelope running the gauntlet of predators as they migrate around the Masai Mara/Serengeti ecosystem. You’ll need to choose your location and timing well to have your expectations of the migration met: the herds move according to the rhythm of the seasons and private conservancies offer the most exclusive ringside seats, but there’s so much more to a safari in Tanzania than the migration.
Even fewer destinations however, can offer an experience to match the Serengeti Migration. Forming the centrepiece of most Tanzania safaris, the migration is regarded as Nature at her most extravagant and involves hundreds of thousands of wildebeest, zebra and antelope running the gauntlet of predators as they migrate around the Masai Mara/Serengeti ecosystem. You’ll need to choose your location and timing well to have your expectations of the migration met: the herds move according to the rhythm of the seasons and private conservancies offer the most exclusive ringside seats, but there’s so much more to a safari in Tanzania than the migration. Here are the best places to go in Tanzania.
The Serengeti, Northern Tanzania
The Serengeti National Park offers the absolute classic African safari setting. The migration of millions of wildebeest and zebra starts here. The vast expanse of grasslands make the Serengeti fantastic for spotting lion kills because you can see the whole spectacle clearly. There are mobile camps that are worth staying at because the wildlife concentrates in certain parts of the park depending on the time of year and the rains.
If you can, spend at least 4 days to make the most of it. The best time to go is between December and June, but you can’t really go wrong any time of year. A hot-air balloon ride at dawn is a truly magnificent experience.
Mount Kilimanjaro, Northern Tanzania
Africa is known as one of the best destinations for adventure travel and what can be more adventurous than hiking up the world’s tallest free-standing mountain? Africa’s highest peak, Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, stands at 19,340 feet (5896m) and will take you 6 days to conquer. The exciting thing about this mountain is that anyone who is fit and determined can make it up. No special climbing equipment or expertise is needed. That said, more than 50% of all attempts fail because people figure it’s doable in shorts, t-shirt, and a couple of beers for hydration.
Zanzibar, East Coast
Zanzibar is one of Tanzania’s top destinations because of its fascinating past and its incredible beaches. Zanzibar’s location in the Indian Ocean has made it a natural trading center throughout its history. Famous for its spices, Zanzibar also became an important slave trading post under its Arab rulers. Stone Town, Zanzibar’s capital, is a World Heritage site and boasts beautiful traditional houses, narrow alleyways, a Sultan’s palace, and many mosques.
Zanzibar has many beautiful beaches that can be enjoyed on any budget. Some of the surrounding islands offer total paradise for the luxury traveler, Mnemba Island is absolutely idyllic for a romantic vacation.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Northern Tanzania
The Ngorongoro Conservation area borders the Serengeti in northern Tanzania and includes the world’s largest crater which acts as a natural enclosure for almost every species of wildlife found in East Africa. This includes the very rare black rhino. The Ngorongoro Crater is where you’ll witness some of the densest population of wildlife in the world and it’s a truly amazing place for photographers.
The Maasai still live within the conservation area, and it’s also home to Oldupai where some of man’s earliest remains have been found. There are several lodges and campsites in the Conservation area.
The Selous, Southern Tanzania
The Selous is Africa’s largest reserve, a world heritage site, and not as crowded as the Serengeti. You can see elephants, cheetahs, black rhinos, African hunting dogs, and plenty of hippos and crocodiles. The Selous swamps, rivers and wetlands allow tourists to take their safari by boat, which is a big draw. Walking safaris are also popular here and you can also enjoy night drives.
Mahale Mountains, Western Tanzania
Mahale was the research base for a team of Japanese anthropologists for several decades. Despite the gorgeous clear waters of Lake Tanganyika and the obvious draw of the chimps themselves, Mahale was not an established tourist destination until about decade ago. It’s still remote, but absolutely worth the trip. Besides the 1000 chimps, there are other primates to see too, including the red colobus and yellow baboons.
The best time to visit Mahale is during the dry season from May to October. A visit to Mahale is often combined with at least a few nights in Katavi. Mahale is linked by chartered aircraft to Dar es Salaam, Arusha and Kigoma.
Tarangire National Park, Northern Tanzania
Tarangire is a popular day trip for those following a standard northern safari itinerary, but its baobab dotted landscape and numerous dry river beds are worth much more time. During the dry season (August to October) Tarangire has one of the highest concentrations of wildlife in Tanzania. It’s an excellent spot for those who love watching elephants, zebra, giraffe, impala and wildebeest.
Tarangire is a good place to enjoy a walking safaris and an excellent birding destination. Be prepared to swat tsetse flies here, at certain times of the year they can get annoying.